PLASTIC’S IMPACTS ON HEALTH
As a complex chemical substance, plastic comes in various forms. Out of these, BPA (Bisphenol A), also known as the monomeric building block of polycarbonate plastics, exerts the most health risk. Plastic reusable water bottles, the inner lining of food-can or container which are made of BPA, can be discharged into water, various drinks, and food over time, specifically at raised temperatures. An interesting fact is, BPA mimics the reproductive hormone ‘estrogen.’ Hence, it has been linked to several health problems like reduced sperm production, chromosomal damage in ovaries, polycystic ovarian syndrome, recurrent spontaneous abortions, sterility, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, type II diabetes, skin diseases, etc. It can also hamper the body’s immune system according to numerous studies. These studies also suggested that BPA can increase the risk of prostate cancer, breast cancer, and metabolic disorders like thyroid hormone-related problems.