HEALTH HAZARDS OF PLASTIC POLLUTION
Worldwide, modern civilization can not go a day without using plastic materials despite knowing its health hazards. As a complex chemical substance, plastic comes in various forms and shapes. Out of these, BPA(Bisphenol A), also known as the monomeric building block of polycarbonate plastics, exerts the most health risk. So, how humans get exposed to plastic materials? The answer is, through food and inhalation. Plastic reusable water bottles, the inner lining of food-can or container which are made of BPA, can be discharged into water, various drinks, and food over time, specifically at raised temperatures. Researchers revealed BPA molecules could meddle with human hormonal activities. An interesting fact is, BPA mimics the reproductive hormone ‘estrogen.’ Hence, it has been linked to several health problems like reduced sperm production, chromosomal damage in ovaries, polycystic ovarian syndrome, recurrent spontaneous abortions, sterility, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, type II diabetes, skin diseases, etc. It can also hamper the body’s immune system according to numerous studies. These studies also suggested that BPA can increase the risk of prostate cancer, breast cancer, and metabolic disorders like thyroid hormone-related problems.
Therefore, the usage of plastic materials in daily life has a slow effect on health in the long run. It is high time; people must be made aware of plastic and the health hazards that come with its daily usage to maintain health.